In this episode of The Sound of Economics, political theorist and historian Luuk van Middelaar joins us to talk about his latest book ‘Pandemonium’. He argues that the COVID-19 pandemic is a test of the European Union’s resilience, and its response demonstrates the union’s enduring strength and how it has learnt to deal with real-world events.

Bruegel’s Maria Demertzis and Guntram Wolff sit down with the author to discuss how and why the EU has stepped up in the wake of the pandemic and the journey it has taken from regulatory body to geopolitical actor.



The Sound of Economics

Insights, debates, and research-based discussions on economic policy in Europe and beyond. The podcast is produced by Bruegel (, an independent and non-doctrinal think tank based in Brussels. It seeks to contribute to European and global economic policy-making through open, fact-based, and policy-relevant research, analysis, and debate. A podcast member of EuroPod.